1. One destitute of reason, or of the common powers of understanding; an idiot; a natural.
2. A person deficient in intellect; one who acts absurdly, or pursues a course contrary to the dictates of wisdom; one without judgment; a simpleton; a dolt.
" Extol not riches, then, the toil of fools." -- Milton.
" Experience keeps a dear school, but fools will learn in no other." -- Franklin.
3. (Script.) One who acts contrary to moral and religious wisdom; a wicked person.
" The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God." -- Ps. xiv. 1.
4. One who counterfeits folly; a professional jester or buffoon; a retainer formerly kept to make sport, dressed fantastically in motley, with ridiculous accouterments.
" Can they think me . . . their fool or jester?" -- Milton.
etc. See under April, Court, etc.
a cap or hood to which bells were usually attached, formerly worn by professional jesters.
an unreasonable, silly, profitless adventure or undertaking.
iron or copper pyrites, resembling gold in color.
a name applied to a limbo (see under Limbo) popularly believed to be the region of vanity and nonsense. Hence, any foolish pleasure or condition of vain self-satistaction.
(Bot.), an annual umbelliferous plant (Æthusa Cynapium) resembling parsley, but nauseous and poisonous.
To make a fool of
to render ridiculous; to outwit; to shame. [Colloq.]
To play the fool
to act the buffoon; to act a foolish part. "I have played the fool, and have erred exceedingly." 1 Sam. xxvi. 21.