1. Not easily penetrated, cut, or separated into parts; not yielding to pressure; firm; solid; compact; -- applied to material bodies, and opposed to soft; as, hard wood; hard flesh; a hard apple.
2. Difficult, mentally or judicially; not easily apprehended, decided, or resolved; as a hard problem.
"The hard causes they brought unto Moses." -- Ex. xviii. 26.
"In which are some things hard to be understood." -- 2 Peter iii. 16.
3. Difficult to accomplish; full of obstacles; laborious; fatiguing; arduous; as, a hard task; a disease hard to cure.
4. Difficult to resist or control; powerful.
"The stag was too hard for the horse." -- L'Estrange.
" A power which will be always too hard for them." -- Addison.
5. Difficult to bear or endure; not easy to put up with or consent to; hence, severe; rigorous; oppressive; distressing; unjust; grasping; as, a hard lot; hard times; hard fare; a hard winter; hard conditions or terms.
"I never could drive a hard bargain." -- Burke.
6. Difficult to please or influence; stern; unyielding; obdurate; unsympathetic; unfeeling; cruel; as, a hard master; a hard heart; hard words; a hard character.
7. Not easy or agreeable to the taste; harsh; stiff; rigid; ungraceful; repelling; as, a hard style.
"Figures harder than even the marble itself." -- Dryden.
8. Rough; acid; sour, as liquors; as, hard cider.
9. (Pron.) Abrupt or explosive in utterance; not aspirated, sibilated, or pronounced with a gradual change of the organs from one position to another; -- said of certain consonants, as c in came, and g in go, as distinguished from the same letters in center, general, etc.
10. Wanting softness or smoothness of utterance; harsh; as, a hard tone.
11. (Painting) (a) Rigid in the drawing or distribution of the figures; formal; lacking grace of composition. (b) Having disagreeable and abrupt contrasts in the coloring or light and shade.
etc. See under Cancer, Case, etc.
or Hard-shelled clam
(Zoöl.), the quahog.
anthracite, as distinguished from bituminous or soft coal.
Hard and fast
(Naut.) See under Fast.
(Arch.), a smooth finishing coat of hard fine plaster applied to the surface of rough plastering.
hardship; difficult conditions.
coin or specie, as distinguished from paper money.
(Zoöl.), the northern native oyster. [Local, U. S.]
the hard stratum of earth lying beneath the soil; hence, figuratively, the firm, substantial, fundamental part or quality of anything; as, the hard pan of character, of a matter in dispute, etc. See Pan.
See under Rubber.
See under Solder.
water, which contains lime or some mineral substance rendering it unfit for washing. See Hardness, 3.
wood of a solid or hard texture; as walnut, oak, ash, box, and the like, in distinction from pine, poplar, hemlock, etc.
In hard condition
in excellent condition for racing; having firm muscles; -- said of race horses.
Syn. -- Solid; arduous; powerful; trying; unyielding; stubborn; stern; flinty; unfeeling; harsh; difficult; severe; obdurate; rigid. See Solid, and Arduous.